William Allender

Male 1740 - 1793  (53 years)

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  • Name William Allender  [1
    Born 1740  Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Residence 1790  Harford, Maryland; as Wm Allender, 3 male 16 & up, 1 male under 16, 7 female, 8 slaves, Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Died 7 Mar 1793  Harford, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    • This Wiliam Allender (b. 1740) is shown on the 1790 census living in Harford County, Maryland. His household consists of 3 male 16 & up, 1 male under 16, 7 female, and 8 slaves.
      A land record dated 4 Dec 1790 states that William Allender, son of Thomas, sold Freeland's Mount to William Morgan, a prominent figure in the history of Maryland. Included in the land sale are the slave females Grace, Rachel, Sally, and males Bobb, James, Samuel, George and Isaac.
      On the 17 Feb 1794 Ann Allinder, widow of William, sold more of Freeland's Mount to William Morgan.

      The Allender Legend donated to the Fairfield Library Aug 10, 1993 / Richard E. Allender has the following Addenda on William Allender, making the case, that William (b. 1740) sometimes went by the name Richard. Although this conclusion is in dispute, the chonology of events are interesting in themselves. Some notes/corrective emendations have been added in brackets.
      This narrative concerns a man who lived during colonial times, served in the War of Revolution and died in Washington County, Maryland. He left a modest paper trail that can be followed today. However, a strange twist to the trail arises when what seems to be the trail of two men is really that of one man. What follows is a chronological account of William Allender, husband of Anna Day, who for unknown reason, was Richard Allender as well.
      Nov 29, 1766 --The first trace of William Allender appears in the will of Averilla Taylor Day Lynch. Averilla speaks of him as "My son in law, William Allender and his wife Anna". William Allender was the administrator of Averilla's will. The event probably took place within view of Joppa, Maryland, a small village near the mouth of the Gunpowder River on Chesapeake Bay.
      Aug 11, 1767-- It must be noted that on this date, Richard Allender was born [to William and Anna (Day) Allender] in either Baltimore or Harford County, Maryland. [Harford County was formed in 1773]
      Aug 22, 1768 --William Allender became indebted to William Seal, a merchant living in the village of Joppa, Maryland. Immediately preceding the name of William Allender on the list of debtors is the name of John Allender believed to be William's father (see the event of 1806 that follows) [According to land documents, Thomas, the hammerman, was the father of the William who married Anna Day]
      1768 to 1778 --A ten year period in which no record of William or Richard exists or at least has been found in Baltimore or Harford counties.
      March 1, 1778 --Richard Allender's name appears on the fidelity oath taken on or before this date in Washington County, Maryland. His name also appears in the Maryland Militia formed in 1776 in Washington County, Maryland, Captain Hogmire's Company and included First Lieutenant John Charlton and First Sergeant Richard Allender. [i.e. Since Richard, the son, born in 1767, would be too young to take the oath, it must be William, the father, who is taking the oath --according to R.E.A.]
      May 1778 --William Allender enlisted in the United States Army. Not found in any record of any Allenders living in Frederick County where he enlisted.
      March 2, 1778 --The last entry of the service record of William Allender appears on this date. He had been in the hospital in Morristown, New Jersey.
      Oct. 6, 1781 --Richard Allender appears in court to affirm he had been a witness to the will of John Charlton in 1777 [i.e. Richard of 1767 is too young, it must be William --according to R.E.A.]
      Jun 16, 1782 --Richard Allender's name appears as a creditor in the estate of John Charlton [i.e. Richard of 1767 is too young, it must mean William --acording to R.E.A.].
      1790 - A head of family census taken on this year show a Richard Allender living one farm away from Margaret Charlton Webb, mother of the deceased Charlton. This Richard could be the Richard of 1767 since he would have been twenty three years old There is also another adult male in the household. This is the only Allender family shown in Washington County that year.
      Aug 14, 1791 --William Allender signed the will of John Webb as a witness.
      May 1794 --A note added to the will of John Webb tells us that William Allender has died. Also dead is Adam Hahn the other witness. The information furnished to the court by Thomas Allender.
      1800 --Richard Allender, his wife and two young sons appear in the Census for this year in Washington County, Maryland. This is the Richard born in 1767.
      Mar 5, 1804 --Anna Day Allender wrote her will, and speaks of her son-in-law, George Webb. George Webb is the son of John Webb.
      Sept 5, 1806 --A most unusual event occurred in the Allender family of Washington County, Maryland, i.e., William and Nicholas Alender bought one hundred acres of land in Belmont County, Ohio, from Richard and John Allender of Washington County, Maryland. The record exists in Ohio only.
      The John Allender named with Richard is Anna's son. In summary, a sale between two sons and two grandsons of the same man, John Allender of Harford County, Maryland. It is this tie between the two families that confirms the Legend of John Allender being the ancestor. [The identities of all the participants in the landsale are as yet not clearly determined. John Allender may be the ancestor of William and Nicholas, but he is NOT the ancestor of Richard and John, sons of William and Anna Day]
      William Allender [b. 1740] probably was not Lucina's son. John's marriage to Lucina took place in 1749. It is more likely that he [William (b. 1740)] was born before his wife's [Anna's] birth year, which was 1744. The year 1740 is a reasonable assumption. [REA's case for making William (b. 1740) a son of John by an earlier marriage, before his marriage to Lucina, is not born out either because land deeds, recently discovered, show him to be son of Thomas, the Hammerman]
      The name "William" was frequently used by the Allenders in Baltimore and Harford counties, Maryland. Perhaps to honor a previous ancestor. John Allender named three [correction two, since William (b. 1740) is not his son] of his sons "William", one died in infancy, two were participants in this narrative [REA could be right about a 2nd son, William (b. 1750), as participant in the land sale. He could not mean William (b. 1740), father to John and Richard, was a participant in the land sale since he died in 1793]
      Multiple William Allenders may have been a problem in Baltimore and Harford counties. Perhaps it was there that he [William, b. 1740] first became "Richard" to secure his own identity.
      We can only speculate as to why William chose to be Richard for a while.
      Richard E. Allender
      July 1993
      I:313 1790 William A. to William Morgan (mort)
      M:258 26 Feb 1794 Ann A (Admin on William A.) to William Morgan, "Freeland's Mount" where William Allender formerly lived 50a
      Y:122 1814 Edward Jenkins to William A.
      1:33 1817 William and Mary A. to William Cole
    Person ID I1354  Maryland Tree
    Last Modified 29 May 2008 

    Family Anna Day,   b. 15 Nov 1744, Baltimore, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1804, Harford, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 61 years) 
    Married Bef 18 Jun 1766  Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F015  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsDied - 7 Mar 1793 - Harford, Maryland Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Land Records
    4 December 1790 William Allender to William Morgan
    4 December 1790 William Allender to William Morgan

  • Sources 
    1. [S01736] 1790 United States Federal Census, Ancestry.com, (Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2000).
      Online publication - Ancestry.com. 1790 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2000.Original data -
    2. Indexed from: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States in the Year 1790. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1908.
    3. Imaged from: National Archives and Records Administration. First Census of the United States, 1790. M637, RG 29, 12 rolls. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.
    4. . , Harford, Maryland, roll M637_3, page , image 0060.

    5. [S02352] One World Tree (sm), Ancestry.com, (Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., n.d.).
      Online publication - Ancestry.com. OneWorldTree [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc.